Neonatologists in Costa RicaA neonatologist is a pediatric specialist who who is involved with high risk infants, diagnosing and treating newborn infants with breathing disorders, infections, birth defects, or other conditions. They are trained to manage the medical care necessary for premature infants or critically ill newborns, especially coordinating any surgical procedures. Neonatologists also attend high-risk deliveries, providing supportive care of infants from birth, and frequently perform technical procedures such as endotracheal intubation and placement of central venous and arterial catheters. Most neonatologists work in a newborn intensive care unit (NICU), either in an academic or private hospital setting. Some neonatologists also provide long-term follow-up of high-risk infants.