Shoulder & Knee Arthroscopy in Costa Rica
Arthroscopic surgery is a minimally invasive surgical procedure on a joint in which an examination and/or repair of damage to ligaments and/or cartilage is performed using an endoscope (a lighted camera on a slender tube to look deep into the body) — called an arthroscope in the case of a joint — that is inserted into the joint through a small incision. The images are projected onto a monitor to aid the surgeon in performing the needed repairs. Arthroscopes are specific to joints, while endoscopes for other areas have other appropriate names, such as colonoscope (colon) or laparoscope (abdomen or pelvis).
Arthroscopy is commonly used for treatment of diseases of the shoulder, most commonly for impingement (bones and tendons rubbing against each other), dislocation, and rotator cuff repair. Before the advent of arthroscopy these procedures were done by exposing the joint through big incisions. Arthroscopic shoulder surgeries have gained momentum in the past decade. “Keyhole surgery” of the shoulder as it is popularly known has reduced inpatient time and rehabilitation requirements and is often a daycare procedure.Read more
For knee arthroscopy only two small (button hole size) incisions are made: one for the arthroscope and one for the surgical instruments to be used in the knee cavity. This reduces recovery time and may increase the rate of success because there is less trauma to the connective tissue. It is especially useful for professional athletes, who frequently injure knee joints and require fast healing time. There is also less scarring, because of the smaller incisions. Irrigation fluid is used to distend the joint and make a surgical space. Sometimes this fluid leaks into the surrounding soft tissue, causing edema (an accumulation of fluid causing swelling).
The origin of arthroscopic surgery dates back to the early 1900s, but with advances of fiber optics in the 1970s and 1980s, the field got a significant boost.
If you would like information on this type of surgery in Costa Rica, please fill out the Help Me Find A Doctor form on this page, and a medical professional will get back to you.
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